MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2022 (HealthDay Information) — May smoking pot in some way assist maintain sinus issues at bay?
It is potential, suggests a brand new examine that discovered individuals who use marijuana might expertise fewer bouts of congestion, sneezing and sinus ache than their non-smoking friends, although the explanations stay unclear.
The examine of almost 2,300 US adults discovered that whereas cigarette people who smoke typically suffered from such signs, common marijuana customers didn’t.
Consultants careworn that the findings do not suggest that individuals can clear up a runny nostril by lighting up a joint: It isn’t clear that the drug is definitely protecting.
It may even be a case of reverse causation, mentioned researcher Dr. Kevin Hur, an otolaryngologist (ear, nostril and throat, or ENT) specialist on the College of Southern California Keck College of Medication.
That’s, individuals who have already got nasal or sinus signs may keep away from marijuana, Hur defined.
On the identical time, he and his crew speculated, it is potential that sure chemical compounds within the marijuana plant, identified collectively as cannabinoids, have advantages.
Different analysis has discovered that cannabinoids have anti-inflammatory results and should scale back swelling in mucous membranes, which may, in idea, assist thwart persistent nasal and sinus signs.
The one approach to discover out, Hur mentioned, is with extra analysis. Longer-term research might assist resolve the chicken-and-egg query, she famous.
The findings, revealed in JAMA Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgical procedure, are based mostly on 2,269 American adults who participated in a authorities well being examine.
The bulk, 75%, mentioned they’d by no means used marijuana, whereas 9% used it commonly and 16% often. (The survey, carried out in 2013-2014, didn’t ask folks whether or not they smoked the drug or took it in different methods, Hur famous.)
Of normal marijuana customers, 45% mentioned they’d had signs comparable to frequent nasal congestion, sneezing or sinus ache, or a boring sense of odor up to now yr. That compares to almost 65% of people that had by no means used marijuana.
Hur’s crew then checked out different components, together with whether or not folks smoked cigarettes. And it turned out that people who smoke had been twice as doubtless as nonsmokers to report nasal or sinus signs.
In distinction, individuals who used marijuana commonly had been 78% much less more likely to report such issues, in comparison with those that had by no means used, after components comparable to age, race, schooling and gender had been taken into consideration. earnings degree.
Nevertheless, there are numerous variables that the examine was unable to evaluate, in keeping with an otolaryngologist who was not concerned within the analysis.
With nasal and sinus signs, publicity to triggers is vital, mentioned Dr. Alfred Iloreta, of the Mount Sinai Icahn College of Medication, in New York Metropolis.
He defined that persistent rhinitis can have a wide range of triggers, together with air air pollution or sure chemical compounds or different irritants, comparable to mud and mould, at work or at dwelling. Many different folks have seasonal signs, higher often called hay fever, that worsen when uncovered to pollen from timber, grass, or weeds.
Individuals who use marijuana commonly might differ from nonusers in a minimum of a few of these exposures, Iloreta mentioned.
“I would not need folks to take this examine to imply that you would be able to be cured by smoking marijuana,” he mentioned.
Smoking the drug, Iloreta famous, could be of explicit concern, because of the tiny particles inhaled within the smoke, which may find yourself impairing the pure “cleansing system” within the nostril.
Additionally, Iloreta mentioned, in somebody with bronchial asthma, which generally coexists with nasal signs, smoking something may make the lung situation worse.
“This examine raises the query of whether or not cannabinoids have any anti-inflammatory results,” Iloreta mentioned.
If that proves to be the case, it may result in new cannabinoid-based medicine for persistent nasal and sinus signs, each medical doctors mentioned.
However till then, they advocate that individuals with frequent signs discuss to their physician about established therapy choices, comparable to medicated nasal sprays.
There are additionally non-pharmacological cures, Iloreta identified. If folks can uncover and keep away from triggers for his or her signs, that is very useful. Then there’s nasal irrigation: flushing the nostrils with a saltwater answer to take away irritants and stimulate the nostril’s pure cleaning system.
“Nasal irrigation, with units like a neti pot, can work extremely effectively,” Iloreta mentioned.
The Mayo Clinic has extra on persistent nasal/sinus signs.
SOURCES: Kevin Hur, MD, otolaryngologist, Keck College of Medication, College of Southern California, Los Angeles; Alfred MC Iloreta, Jr., MD, assistant professor, otolaryngology, Icahn College of Medication at Mount Sinai, New York Metropolis; JAMA Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgical procedure, July 28, 2022, on-line
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