Washington [US]September three (ANI): College students who’ve repeated a grade are at greater danger of being victims of bullying in international locations all over the world, in accordance with a latest research of practically half 1,000,000 college students.
Addressing and stopping college violence, together with bullying, is a particular objective of the United Nations Sustainable Improvement Targets. Few research with massive samples have examined the affiliation between grade retention and bullying victimization.
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Within the research, the researchers used information from the 2018 Program for Worldwide Pupil Evaluation (PIA), which included data on 465,146 college students aged 15 and 16 from 74 international locations/economies.
General, 12.25 p.c of the included college students had repeated a grade, and 30.32 p.c of the scholars reported experiencing bullying a minimum of just a few instances a month within the earlier yr. College students who had repeated a grade have been extra more likely to have been victims of bullying than their friends (OR 95 p.c CI 1.32-1.52 and zero.001).
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The affiliation was noticed for college students in 46 international locations/economies and college students of each genders. Nonetheless, in comparison with boys, women who repeated a grade have been at greater danger of being teased, threatened, had their belongings taken, and pushed.
The authors word that whereas the findings assist a relationship between experiences of repeating a grade and bullying victimization, the cross-sectional research can not decide whether or not such a relationship is causal or the course of the connection. The research was additionally restricted to adolescents who have been attending college when the survey was administered, and measures of bullying and grade repetition experiences have been self-reported.
“These outcomes are of nice concern to folks, lecturers, principals, and legislators at completely different ranges, particularly in international locations the place grade repetition is especially prevalent,” say the authors. “Grade repetition is related to bullying victimization in each girls and boys.” (AND ME)
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