Finnish design firm Woodio has created a rest room the place every part from the seat to the bowl is manufactured from wooden composite that generates 99% much less emissions in its manufacturing than ceramics.
Referred to as Block, the wall-mounted bathroom was made utilizing a fabric developed by Woodio founder Petro Lahtinen that’s round 80% wooden by quantity, incorporating regionally sourced aspen and scraps from the Finnish forest business.
These wooden chips have been blended with a mixture of fossil-based polyester and bioplastic resins to create a composite that’s each waterproof and “nearly indestructible,” the corporate claims.
Its manufacturing course of requires no warmth and a fraction of the water and vitality wanted to create conventional ceramic or porcelain bogs, Lahtinen advised Dezeen.
“There’s nothing mistaken with the pottery itself,” he mentioned. “It’s the manufacturing technique of ceramics that causes the environmental affect.”
“Industrial ceramics are sometimes fired at 1,500 levels Celsius for at the very least 12 hours and this warmth is usually produced by burning gasoline, which clearly causes appreciable CO2 emissions.”
In complete, Woodio claims its manufacturing course of generates 99% fewer emissions than these used to create conventional ceramic sanitary ware.
Nevertheless, this doesn’t keep in mind emissions from the sourcing or disposal of supplies, which might have a big impact on a product’s total footprint.
“The financial savings are notably targeted on the gate-to-gate part,” Lahtinen mentioned.
“Even our merchandise should be transported and disposed of on the finish of their life, in addition to the uncooked materials provide.”
Lahtinen initially developed the Woodio composite materials in 2017, and since then the corporate has turned it into every part from bathtubs to sinks utilizing a patented molding method.
“Principally, we have developed molds that may deal with non-fluid uncooked supplies,” Lahtinen mentioned. “It is a actually progressive methodology.”
The Block bathroom is the corporate’s most advanced and complex product so far, developed over three years and designed in collaboration with Finnish studio Pentagon Design.
Whereas sawdust and wooden chips have historically been used to assist break down waste in off-grid composting bogs, Woodio claims its model is the world’s “first” flush bathroom to be created from the fabric.
Nevertheless, wooden composite nonetheless depends on a number of fossil-based assets, together with polyester resin, in addition to varied components and floor therapies, though the corporate plans to make use of solely bio-based resins as soon as transfer to an industrial plant within the subsequent few years. .
The truth that the fabric is a composite will make the bathroom nearly not possible to recycle on the finish of its life, which is often round 10 to 15 years, however can go as much as 50 years.
Woodio claims the bathroom could be burned for vitality on the finish of its life to stop it from ending up in landfill. However this may launch each fossil carbon and carbon saved in wooden into the environment.
Earlier efforts to make bogs extra sustainable have largely targeted on lowering or eliminating their water use. On this sense, Sandi’s idea bathroom makes use of sand and a tiny conveyor belt to take away waste, whereas a current Samsung prototype burns it to ash.